|History of Hawaii
|It is generally believed that Hawaii was discovered and populated by Polynesians in voyaging canoes sometime in the first millennium, A.D. It was a kingdom until 1775, when it was discovered by Captain James Cook and renamed the “Sandwich Islands” after the Earl of Sandwich; however as early as 1818, King Kamehameha I is reported to have protested, saying that each island should be called by its own name, and the entire group referred to as the “Islands of the Kingdom of Hawaii”.
The islands were officially granted their independence (after a brief usurpation) from Great Britain in 1843, and remained a sovereign kingdom until 1893, when the monarchy was overthrown by a group of American businessmen. Hawaii’s last queen was Queen Liliuokalani, who wrote the now famous, Aloha`Oe.
Hawaii officially became the 50th state in the American Union on August 21, 1959.
|Hawaii’s two official languages are Hawaiian and English. The melodious Hawaiian language is a polynesian dialect. There are only 12 letters in the Hawaiian alphabet: vowels a, e, i, o, u; consonants h, k, l, m, n, p and w. In order to clarify pronunciation, you will often see the glottal stop ( ` ) or `okina and macron used on words such as Hawai`i.|
|The State Flower
|The state flower is the yellow Hibiscus Brackenridgei|
|The State Tree
|A Polynesian introduced plant species. the kukui, better known as the candlenut.|
|The State Bird
|The Nene (pronounced “nay-nay”) is a land bird and a variety of goose.|